Zomangamanga ndi njira zopangira zida zamakina zamakina

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Zinthu za geometric za zigawo zamapangidwe
Ntchito ya makina opangidwa ndi makina makamaka imazindikiridwa ndi mawonekedwe a geometric a zigawo zamakina ndi mgwirizano wapakati pakati pa magawo osiyanasiyana.Ma geometry a gawo amapangidwa ndi pamwamba pake.Mbali ina nthawi zambiri imakhala ndi malo angapo, ndipo zina mwazomwezi zimalumikizana mwachindunji ndi mbali zina.Mbali imeneyi ya pamwamba imatchedwa kuti ntchito pamwamba.Chigawo chogwirizanitsa pakati pa malo ogwirira ntchito chimatchedwa kulumikiza pamwamba.
Kugwira ntchito pamwamba pa gawo ndi chinthu chofunikira chomwe chimatsimikizira ntchito yamakina, ndipo mapangidwe a ntchito yapamtunda ndiyo nkhani yaikulu ya mapangidwe a gawolo.Magawo akuluakulu a geometric omwe akufotokoza momwe ntchitoyo ikuyendera imaphatikizapo mawonekedwe a geometric, kukula, chiwerengero cha malo, malo, dongosolo, ndi zina zotero.Kupyolera mu kusinthika kwa mapangidwe a pamwamba pa ntchito, njira zosiyanasiyana zogwirira ntchito zogwirira ntchito zaukadaulo zomwe zingapezeke.
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Ulalo pakati pa zomanga
Mu makina kapena makina, palibe gawo limakhala lodzipatula.Choncho, kuwonjezera pa kuphunzira ntchito ndi mbali zina za zigawozo, mgwirizano pakati pa zigawozo uyeneranso kuphunziridwa mu mapangidwe apangidwe.
Kulumikizana kwa magawo kumagawidwa m'mitundu iwiri: kulumikizana mwachindunji ndi kulumikizana kosalunjika.Kumene magawo awiri ali ndi chiyanjano cholunjika, amakhala ogwirizana.Kulumikizana komwe kulibe mgwirizano wapagulu kumakhala kulumikizana kosalunjika.Kulumikizana kosalunjika kumagawidwa m'mitundu iwiri: kulumikizana kwa malo ndi kulumikizana koyenda.Kulumikizana kwa malo kumatanthauza kuti magawo awiriwa ali ndi zofunikira pazogwirizana.Mwachitsanzo, mtunda wapakati wa ma shafts awiri oyandikana nawo mu chochepetsera uyenera kutsimikizira kulondola kwina, ndipo nkhwangwa ziwirizo ziyenera kufanana kuti zitsimikizire kuti magiya amalumikizana bwino.Kulumikizana koyenda kumatanthauza kuti njira yosuntha ya gawo limodzi imagwirizana ndi gawo lina.Mwachitsanzo, mayendedwe a positi ya chida cha lathe ayenera kukhala ofanana ndi mzere wapakati wa spindle.Izi zimatsimikiziridwa ndi kufanana kwa njanji yowongolera bedi ndi nsonga ya spindle.Choncho, Malo pakati pa spindle ndi njanji yowongolera ndi yogwirizana;chida ndi spindle zimagwirizana ndi kayendedwe.
Zigawo zambiri zimakhala ndi zigawo ziwiri kapena zingapo zogwirizana mwachindunji, kotero kuti gawo lililonse limakhala ndi zigawo ziwiri kapena zingapo zomwe zimagwirizana mwadongosolo ndi zina.M'mapangidwe apangidwe, magawo okhudzana mwachindunji a magawo awiriwa ayenera kuganiziridwa nthawi imodzi kuti asankhe bwino njira yopangira kutentha, mawonekedwe, kukula, kulondola ndi khalidwe lapamwamba la zinthu.Panthawi imodzimodziyo, iyeneranso kuganizira zokhutiritsa zokhudzana ndi zina, monga ma dimensional chain ndi mawerengedwe olondola.Nthawi zambiri, ngati pali magawo okhudzana kwambiri ndi gawo, kapangidwe kake ndizovuta kwambiri;Zigawo zosagwirizana kwambiri za gawo, ndizomwe zimafunikira kulondola

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Mavuto omwe ayenera kutsatiridwa pakupanga mapangidwe
Pali zida zambiri zomwe zingasankhidwe pamakina opangira makina.Zida zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi katundu wosiyana.Zida zosiyanasiyana zimagwirizana ndi njira zosiyanasiyana zopangira.Pamapangidwe apangidwe, zida zoyenera ziyenera kusankhidwa molingana ndi zofunikira zogwirira ntchito ndipo zida zoyenera ziyenera kutsimikiziridwa molingana ndi mtundu wazinthu.Ukadaulo wokonza, ndikuzindikira kapangidwe kake molingana ndi zofunikira zaukadaulo waukadaulo, kokha kudzera pamapangidwe oyenera omwe zinthu zosankhidwa zimatha kupereka kusewera kwathunthu kwaubwino wake.
Kuti asankhe zida moyenera, okonza ayenera kumvetsetsa bwino zamakina, magwiridwe antchito, komanso mtengo wazinthu zomwe zasankhidwa.M'mapangidwe apangidwe, mfundo zosiyana siyana ziyenera kutsatiridwa molingana ndi makhalidwe a zinthu zomwe zasankhidwa ndi teknoloji yogwirizana nayo.
Mwachitsanzo, zida zamakina achitsulo pansi pa kukanidwa ndi kukanidwa ndizofanana, kotero kuti kapangidwe kachitsulo kachitsulo kamakhala kofanana.Mphamvu yopondereza ya zida zachitsulo zotayidwa ndizokulirapo kuposa mphamvu zamakokedwe.Chifukwa chake, magawo am'mbali azitsulo zopindika zomwe amapindika nthawi zambiri amakhala asymmetrical, kotero kuti kupsinjika kwakukulu pakulemetsa kumakhala kokulirapo kuposa kupsinjika kwakukulu.Chithunzi 5.2 ndikufanizira mabatani awiri achitsulo.Mu kapangidwe kazitsulo kazitsulo, mphamvu ndi kukhazikika kwapangidwe kaŵirikaŵiri kumawonjezeka powonjezera kukula kwapakati.Komabe, ngati makulidwe a khoma ndiakulu kwambiri pamapangidwe oponyedwa, zimakhala zovuta kutsimikizira mtundu wa kuponyera, kotero mawonekedwe oponyedwa nthawi zambiri amalimbikitsidwa ndi mbale zouma ndi magawo.Kuuma ndi mphamvu ya kapangidwe.Chifukwa cha kusasunthika kwa zinthu zapulasitiki, kupsinjika kwamkati komwe kumachitika chifukwa cha kuziziritsa kosagwirizana pambuyo pakuumba kumatha kuyambitsa nkhondo yamagulu.Choncho, makulidwe a nthiti ndi khoma la kapangidwe ka pulasitiki ndizofanana ndi zofanana komanso zofanana.
Pazigawo zomwe zimafuna chithandizo cha kutentha, zofunikira pakupanga mapangidwe ndi awa: (1) Mawonekedwe a geometric a gawolo ayenera kukhala osavuta komanso osakanikirana, ndipo mawonekedwe abwino ndi ozungulira.(2) Kwa magawo omwe ali ndi magawo osagwirizana, kusintha kwa kukula ndi gawo lapakati kuyenera kukhala kofatsa kuti tipewe kusintha kwadzidzidzi.Ngati kusintha kwa magawo oyandikana nawo kuli kwakukulu kwambiri, zigawo zazikulu ndi zazing'ono zidzakhazikika mosagwirizana, zomwe zidzapangitse kupsinjika kwa mkati.(3) Pewani nsonga zakuthwa ndi ngodya zakuthwa.Pofuna kupewa m'mbali zakuthwa ndi ngodya zakuthwa kuti zisasungunuke kapena kutenthedwa kwambiri, chamfer ya 2 mpaka 3 mm imadulidwa m'mphepete mwa kagawo kapena dzenje.(4) Pewani magawo omwe ali ndi kusiyana kwakukulu mu makulidwe, omwe ndi osavuta kupunduka ndipo amakhala ndi chizoloŵezi chachikulu chosweka panthawi yozimitsa ndi kuzizira.

 


Nthawi yotumiza: Oct-08-2021